58 BCCeltic Helvetians live on the plateau
58 BC-400 Roman Era
5 C Germanic Burgundians and Alemannians
6 C Frankish Kings
-14 C Fragmentation of Carolingian power. The houses of Habsburg
and Savoy ruled the area of modern Switzerland
1291 The forest Communities of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden form
14C Other communities join the Confederation: Luzern 1332,
Zurich 1351, Glarus and Zug 1352, Bern 1353.
1460 Foundation of the first university of Switzerland (Basle)
1481 Fribourg and Solothurn join the Swiss Federation
1499 Switzerland gains independence from Holy Roman Empire.
Territorial Expansion. Basle and Schaffhausen join the Swiss
Federation 1501, Appenzell 1513.
1515 Switzerland withdraws from expansionist policies and
1519 Reformation starts in Zurich. Central Switzerland remains
1648 Switzerland becomes recognised as a neutral state in the
Treaty of Westphalia
1798 The French invade Switzerland. The Old Confederation collapses.
1803 The new Cantons of Sankt Gallen, Graub? Thurgau,
Ticino, Aargau and Vaud join the Federation
1815 The Congress of Vienna establishes Switzerland as a Federation
and guarantees its independence and permanent neutrality.
The Cantons of Geneva, Valais and Neuchatel join the Federation.
1847 Civil war. The Protestant army led by General Dufour crushes
the Catholic cantons who had formed a separatist league
1848 New Federal Constitution: Compromise between central control
and cantonal authority. Industrialisation, railway boom,
development of tourism.
1864 Foundation of the International Committee of the Red Cross
(ICRC) in Geneva. Compulsory free education introduced.
1872-82 Construction of the railway across the alps the "Gotthardbahn"
1914-18 and 1939-45 Swiss neutrality remained unbreached.
1971 Swiss people vote for the women's suffrage.
1979 The new Canton Jura comes into being.
1992 Swiss people vote against becoming a member of the EEA
(European Economic Area)